Shaken Baby Syndrome

A large number of child deaths are reported in South Africa each year. A lot of deaths relate to neglect, abuse or murder. Despite this, there's a knowledge gap in relation to understanding the issue....

Amniotic fluid problems

The importance of amniotic fluid Amniotic fluid is essential for pregnancy and foetal development. Amniotic fluid is a watery substances residing inside a casing called the amniotic membrane or sac. ...

Choosing a pre-school

Becoming a parent is a momentous; life-changing event filled with hopes, expectations and naturally some fears. Parents often learn and grow alongside their children, as they face the challenges of pa...

Newborn reflexes

Although newborn babies are physically helpless and vulnerable at birth, they have a number of amazing innate abilities or reflexes. Reflexes are involuntary movements or actions, designed to protect ...


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Pelvic floor exercises

Although your new baby will probably bring you immense emotional satisfaction, physically you may feel uncomfortable and strange in your own skin. After 9 months of pregnancy and hormonal changes, you...


Babies cry because they need to communicate something and most parents, especially new moms, find it distressing to see or hear an unhappy baby. In time, you will learn to recognize the various causes...

Antenatal Classes

Antenatal classes are informative sessions provided to prepare expecting parents for the birth of their child and the early days of being a parent.Most antenatal classes are run by Midwives and occasi...


The Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020 was launched on the 11 May 2011. It is a global declaration of war against road crashes and fatalities. According to Mr Sibusiso Ndebele, MP Minister of ...

  • Shaken Baby Syndrome

    Tuesday, 21 July 2015 16:28
  • Amniotic fluid problems

    Thursday, 14 May 2015 12:54
  • Choosing a pre-school

    Friday, 10 April 2015 17:50
  • Newborn reflexes

    Tuesday, 03 March 2015 15:49
  • Mastitis

    Tuesday, 03 March 2015 15:41
  • Pelvic floor exercises

    Wednesday, 11 February 2015 17:20
  • Colic

    Wednesday, 11 February 2015 17:11
  • Antenatal Classes

    Monday, 03 June 2013 09:34
  • Strap-in-the-Future

    Thursday, 30 June 2011 13:52

Basic Care

Everything seems to be coming together at this stage. Your baby will change from a vulnerable newborn infant to a responsive baby. Between 3 and 4 months it may even feel as if there is a daily routine developing. There is a better understanding of baby’s needs and you, as a parent, are becoming more confident. Over the next 3 to 4 months incredible changes will be happening to your baby and to you as a parent.

Babies are now becoming more efficient with their feeds. Breast feeding, especially, becomes quicker and easier as the baby’s digestive system has matured. Both breast and bottle-fed babies may also be feeding less frequently as their stomach capacity has increased. Continue to have baby’s growth monitored to ensure that he is getting a sufficient quantity of milk. In general, if a baby is growing, having good wet nappies and regular bowel movements, seems alert and is playing and sleeping well, chances are good that he’s getting enough to eat.

This can also be a time for dietary changes. Often mothers who have been breastfeeding choose to introduce formula during this period and then the big step of introducing solid food is taken between 4 and 7 months.

Between 4 and 6 months most babies lose their tongue-extrusion reflex, a reflex which causes a young baby’s tongue to push everything but a nipple right out of its mouth. You will also have noticed, or more than likely heard, baby becoming more vocal. He is gaining control over his mouth as well as his tongue. This means that babies can start to keep foods in their mouths. Get guidance from your paediatrician or clinic nurse as to the readiness of your baby for solid foods, how often to introduce new foods, and what to look for in terms of allergic reactions or food intolerance.

Regular wet nappies are still a good indication that baby is getting a sufficient amount of milk. Bowel movements will also have become more regular and less frequent. Usually baby has one decent sized, softly formed stool every day. However this will change as solid food is introduced and as baby starts producing more saliva as a result of teething. There can now be significant changes to the consistency, colour and the smell. If there are extreme changes discuss this with your clinic nurse to eliminate problems.

By 4 months, a more predictable sleep pattern begins to emerge. Babies in this age range generally sleep about 14 to 16 hours a day. Sleep time is usually spaced out in 2 or 3 naps and a solid block of about 6 to 8 hours (sometimes much longer) at night. There are, of course, great variations in babies’ sleep needs and schedules. As a general rule, it’s a good idea to push for longer periods of uninterrupted sleep at night and try to phase out middle-of-the-night feedings. This is also a good time to establish an end of day/bedtime routine. This could start with a late afternoon walk, a bath and massage, a milk feed, a little reading or lullabies and then to bed to sleep, for, hopefully, most of the night.