Shaken Baby Syndrome

A large number of child deaths are reported in South Africa each year. A lot of deaths relate to neglect, abuse or murder. Despite this, there's a knowledge gap in relation to understanding the issue....

Amniotic fluid problems

The importance of amniotic fluid Amniotic fluid is essential for pregnancy and foetal development. Amniotic fluid is a watery substances residing inside a casing called the amniotic membrane or sac. ...

Choosing a pre-school

Becoming a parent is a momentous; life-changing event filled with hopes, expectations and naturally some fears. Parents often learn and grow alongside their children, as they face the challenges of pa...

Newborn reflexes

Although newborn babies are physically helpless and vulnerable at birth, they have a number of amazing innate abilities or reflexes. Reflexes are involuntary movements or actions, designed to protect ...

Mastitis

Mastitis is an inflammation of the breast that can lead to infection. The word “mastitis” is derived from the Greek word “mastos” meaning “breasts”, while the suffix “-itis” denotes “inflammation”. Ma...

Pelvic floor exercises

Although your new baby will probably bring you immense emotional satisfaction, physically you may feel uncomfortable and strange in your own skin. After 9 months of pregnancy and hormonal changes, you...

Colic

Babies cry because they need to communicate something and most parents, especially new moms, find it distressing to see or hear an unhappy baby. In time, you will learn to recognize the various causes...

Antenatal Classes

Antenatal classes are informative sessions provided to prepare expecting parents for the birth of their child and the early days of being a parent.Most antenatal classes are run by Midwives and occasi...

Strap-in-the-Future

The Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020 was launched on the 11 May 2011. It is a global declaration of war against road crashes and fatalities. According to Mr Sibusiso Ndebele, MP Minister of ...

  • Shaken Baby Syndrome

    Tuesday, 21 July 2015 16:28
  • Amniotic fluid problems

    Thursday, 14 May 2015 12:54
  • Choosing a pre-school

    Friday, 10 April 2015 17:50
  • Newborn reflexes

    Tuesday, 03 March 2015 15:49
  • Mastitis

    Tuesday, 03 March 2015 15:41
  • Pelvic floor exercises

    Wednesday, 11 February 2015 17:20
  • Colic

    Wednesday, 11 February 2015 17:11
  • Antenatal Classes

    Monday, 03 June 2013 09:34
  • Strap-in-the-Future

    Thursday, 30 June 2011 13:52

Development Summary 0 - 3 Months

Social-emotional

Watches parent’s face when being talked to, average 6 weeks, range 4-8 weeks

Smiles by 5-7 weeks

By 3 months baby is gurgling and laughing aloud

 

Signs that suggest that there might be difficulty relating to the baby 

Parent feels unable to meet the infant’s needs most of the time

Parent sees the child in a negative way (as difficult), or is disappointed with child

Parent does not feel able to respond to the child

Child does not usually calm at least momentarily most of the time when picked up

High-pitched cry

No social smile by 8 weeks

 

Motor skills, vision and hearing

When cheek touched, turns to same side to suckle (from birth)

Lifts head when prone (on tummy) average 6 weeks (4-8 weeks)

Kicks legs vigorously by 2 months

Arms, fingers and legs move spontaneously from flexed to extended to flexed positions

Follows a moving light with eyes for a couple of seconds by 1 month

Watches a moving face by 2-3 months

Eyes move in unison most of the time by 6 weeks.

 

Signs that suggest that the child may have a developmental problem

Child unusually ‘floppy’ or stiff

Arm and leg on one side are obviously different in muscle tone or power to the other side

Unusually ‘good’ head control (muscles stiff)

Fingers always held in tight fist

Not watching faces by 2-3 months

Not startled in reaction to noise

Not chuckling and smiling at 3 months

 

Daily activities

Suckles well

Sleep patterns vary greatly

Signs that suggest that the child may have a developmental problem

Difficulties with feeding beyond ‘normal’ range

Long periods of crying, persistent difficulties with settling baby

Exceptionally ‘good’ and placid

 

Speech and language

Startled by loud sounds by 1 month

Makes sounds other than crying by 2 months

Begins listening to voices and making sounds when talked to by 7-8 weeks

Signs that suggest that the child may have a developmental problem

not watching the face when being spoken to by 2-3 months

If you are concerned that your baby is not meeting some developmental milestones consult your midwife, doctor or paediatrician.