Shaken Baby Syndrome

A large number of child deaths are reported in South Africa each year. A lot of deaths relate to neglect, abuse or murder. Despite this, there's a knowledge gap in relation to understanding the issue....

Amniotic fluid problems

The importance of amniotic fluid Amniotic fluid is essential for pregnancy and foetal development. Amniotic fluid is a watery substances residing inside a casing called the amniotic membrane or sac. ...

Choosing a pre-school

Becoming a parent is a momentous; life-changing event filled with hopes, expectations and naturally some fears. Parents often learn and grow alongside their children, as they face the challenges of pa...

Newborn reflexes

Although newborn babies are physically helpless and vulnerable at birth, they have a number of amazing innate abilities or reflexes. Reflexes are involuntary movements or actions, designed to protect ...

Mastitis

Mastitis is an inflammation of the breast that can lead to infection. The word “mastitis” is derived from the Greek word “mastos” meaning “breasts”, while the suffix “-itis” denotes “inflammation”. Ma...

Pelvic floor exercises

Although your new baby will probably bring you immense emotional satisfaction, physically you may feel uncomfortable and strange in your own skin. After 9 months of pregnancy and hormonal changes, you...

Colic

Babies cry because they need to communicate something and most parents, especially new moms, find it distressing to see or hear an unhappy baby. In time, you will learn to recognize the various causes...

Antenatal Classes

Antenatal classes are informative sessions provided to prepare expecting parents for the birth of their child and the early days of being a parent.Most antenatal classes are run by Midwives and occasi...

Strap-in-the-Future

The Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020 was launched on the 11 May 2011. It is a global declaration of war against road crashes and fatalities. According to Mr Sibusiso Ndebele, MP Minister of ...

  • Shaken Baby Syndrome

    Tuesday, 21 July 2015 16:28
  • Amniotic fluid problems

    Thursday, 14 May 2015 12:54
  • Choosing a pre-school

    Friday, 10 April 2015 17:50
  • Newborn reflexes

    Tuesday, 03 March 2015 15:49
  • Mastitis

    Tuesday, 03 March 2015 15:41
  • Pelvic floor exercises

    Wednesday, 11 February 2015 17:20
  • Colic

    Wednesday, 11 February 2015 17:11
  • Antenatal Classes

    Monday, 03 June 2013 09:34
  • Strap-in-the-Future

    Thursday, 30 June 2011 13:52

Development Summary 1 - 2 Years

Social-emotional
By 18 months children are usually:

Exploring the environment around them, touching, pulling whatever they can see and reach 
(make sure that toddlers are safe)

Enjoying physical contact (cuddles, tickles)

Emotionally changeable, quick mood changes from happy to sad to angry

Likely to be afraid of strangers

Showing a strong attachment to parents

Showing distress when left by a parent and often clingy when the parent returns

There may be a problem if, by 18 months, a child:

Does not show a preference for familiar people

Does not show separation anxiety

 

By 2 years children are usually:

Starting to explore more widely, opening doors and drawers

Playing near other children, but not yet with other children (unless the other child is older and able to adapt her play to fit the 2-year-old)

Unable to share

Very fearful of separation

Dependent on a comforter such as a dummy

There may be a problem if, by 2 years, a child:

Does not show awareness of different people

 

Motor skills
By 18 months children are usually:

Walking skilfully, but also often falling if they try to run fast

Climbing onto low furniture

Able to push a toy such as a trolley

Able to put one object such as a block deliberately onto another

Starting to scribble with a pencil

Able to pick up small objects

There may be a problem if, by 18 months, a child is:

Not yet walking

 

By 2 years children are usually:

Able to run fast without falling over when turning corners or stopping

Squatting steadily to pick up objects from the floor

Able to bring a small chair to the table and sit on the chair at the table

Able to walk backwards pulling a toy or trolley

There may be a problem if, by 2 years, the child is:

Not walking steadily, especially if the child has a limp

 

Speech and language
By 18 months children are usually:

Babbling loudly and often to themselves and to others, as though having a conversation

Listening to things said to them, and understanding some things such as ‘no’

Able to follow a few simple instructions such as ‘get your shoes’

Able to identify a few familiar objects when they are named (such as ‘show me the ball’, or ‘where is the spoon’)

Using 6 or more recognisable words (the words may be quite unclear, but the primary caregiver is able to tell what is meant by the sound)

There may be a problem if a child:

Is not babbling often

Is not starting to use some meaningful words

Does not listen when others are talking to him

 

By 2 years children are usually:

Able to use up to 50 recognisable words

Listening to things that are said to them

Starting to put 2 words together such as ‘daddy’s car’

Joining in with familiar songs

Babbling while playing, with a few recognisable words in the babble

There may be a problem if a child:

Is still mostly silent while playing 

Does not respond when others talk to her

Is not able to point to objects when they are named

Uses signs, grunts or gestures only when she wants something

If you are concerned about your baby's development contsult a qualified practioner.