Shaken Baby Syndrome

A large number of child deaths are reported in South Africa each year. A lot of deaths relate to neglect, abuse or murder. Despite this, there's a knowledge gap in relation to understanding the issue....

Amniotic fluid problems

The importance of amniotic fluid Amniotic fluid is essential for pregnancy and foetal development. Amniotic fluid is a watery substances residing inside a casing called the amniotic membrane or sac. ...

Choosing a pre-school

Becoming a parent is a momentous; life-changing event filled with hopes, expectations and naturally some fears. Parents often learn and grow alongside their children, as they face the challenges of pa...

Newborn reflexes

Although newborn babies are physically helpless and vulnerable at birth, they have a number of amazing innate abilities or reflexes. Reflexes are involuntary movements or actions, designed to protect ...


Mastitis is an inflammation of the breast that can lead to infection. The word “mastitis” is derived from the Greek word “mastos” meaning “breasts”, while the suffix “-itis” denotes “inflammation”. Ma...

Pelvic floor exercises

Although your new baby will probably bring you immense emotional satisfaction, physically you may feel uncomfortable and strange in your own skin. After 9 months of pregnancy and hormonal changes, you...


Babies cry because they need to communicate something and most parents, especially new moms, find it distressing to see or hear an unhappy baby. In time, you will learn to recognize the various causes...

Antenatal Classes

Antenatal classes are informative sessions provided to prepare expecting parents for the birth of their child and the early days of being a parent.Most antenatal classes are run by Midwives and occasi...


The Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020 was launched on the 11 May 2011. It is a global declaration of war against road crashes and fatalities. According to Mr Sibusiso Ndebele, MP Minister of ...

  • Shaken Baby Syndrome

    Tuesday, 21 July 2015 16:28
  • Amniotic fluid problems

    Thursday, 14 May 2015 12:54
  • Choosing a pre-school

    Friday, 10 April 2015 17:50
  • Newborn reflexes

    Tuesday, 03 March 2015 15:49
  • Mastitis

    Tuesday, 03 March 2015 15:41
  • Pelvic floor exercises

    Wednesday, 11 February 2015 17:20
  • Colic

    Wednesday, 11 February 2015 17:11
  • Antenatal Classes

    Monday, 03 June 2013 09:34
  • Strap-in-the-Future

    Thursday, 30 June 2011 13:52

Children's spinal development

Children are subjected to two formidable challenges to their musculoskeletal system during development.


The first is the trauma of passage through the birth canal. Here it appears that intracranial structures (structures inside the skull) of apparently healthy newborn individuals display a high percentage of indications of micro trauma of brainstem tissues, and it is believed that exposed structures of the junction between the neck and the base of the skull suffer at least as much as the skull itself. In summary, it appears that injury to both the structures inside and outside the skull are the rule rather than the exception.


The second obstacle a child’s emerging musculoskeletal system has to overcome occurs when the infant has to master the transition from four legs to two legs, mastering the task of maintaining an upright spine in learning how to walk.


Children’s last major growth spurt usually occurs between the ages of 11 and 13, after which time both the complaints and treatment regimens of such individuals become congruent with those of adults.


The goal of all interventions is to eliminate any asymmetries in the spinal structure, posture or gait as well as reduce symptoms such as joint or muscle pain. No adjustment/chiropractic manipulation is ever prescribed without evidence of a relative decrease in mobility/fixation at a particular joint of the spine.


A typical chiropractic consult for your baby

Your first visit to the chiropractor involves talking about different aspects of the baby’s life, from pre-natal, labour and delivery, to postnatal and beyond.


A chiropractic examination assesses normal developmental milestones, including the nervous system. The chiropractor then focuses on chiropractic ‘motion palpation’, the feeling for small restrictions in the movements of the spinal joints that may cause irritation to both the nervous system and surrounding muscles.


Specific chiropractic treatment uses very gentle spinal manipulative techniques and mobilisations, tailored to the age of the child, to help relax stiff/irritated joints and may subsequently stimulate the nervous and immune systems with movement. Advice may also be given on feeding positioning, how to carry your child and exercises to aid your child’s development. A typical treatment regime lasts 4-6 treatment sessions, taking place every other day, although this varies according to the condition involved and at the chiropractor’s discretion. By relaxing the stiff and irritated joints in the spine, the extra stimulus that may be causing the child to cry and be irritable is decreased and the child can begin to feel more comfortable, with a healthy nervous and immune system that is running efficiently and effectively – helping your baby feel happier and more content!


Chiropractic treatment of children is not a ‘scary’ ordeal. Children have a lot more motion in their spine than we do as adults, due to the initial lack of spinal curves which cause the restriction in motion in adults. Therefore ‘adjusting’ may look like we are moving their bodies further than they should go – but treatment remains within the normal motions of the child’s spine.

To make an appointment with Dr Sonja Kneppers contact 011 478 2346 or email