Shaken Baby Syndrome

A large number of child deaths are reported in South Africa each year. A lot of deaths relate to neglect, abuse or murder. Despite this, there's a knowledge gap in relation to understanding the issue....

Amniotic fluid problems

The importance of amniotic fluid Amniotic fluid is essential for pregnancy and foetal development. Amniotic fluid is a watery substances residing inside a casing called the amniotic membrane or sac. ...

Choosing a pre-school

Becoming a parent is a momentous; life-changing event filled with hopes, expectations and naturally some fears. Parents often learn and grow alongside their children, as they face the challenges of pa...

Newborn reflexes

Although newborn babies are physically helpless and vulnerable at birth, they have a number of amazing innate abilities or reflexes. Reflexes are involuntary movements or actions, designed to protect ...


Mastitis is an inflammation of the breast that can lead to infection. The word “mastitis” is derived from the Greek word “mastos” meaning “breasts”, while the suffix “-itis” denotes “inflammation”. Ma...

Pelvic floor exercises

Although your new baby will probably bring you immense emotional satisfaction, physically you may feel uncomfortable and strange in your own skin. After 9 months of pregnancy and hormonal changes, you...


Babies cry because they need to communicate something and most parents, especially new moms, find it distressing to see or hear an unhappy baby. In time, you will learn to recognize the various causes...

Antenatal Classes

Antenatal classes are informative sessions provided to prepare expecting parents for the birth of their child and the early days of being a parent.Most antenatal classes are run by Midwives and occasi...


The Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020 was launched on the 11 May 2011. It is a global declaration of war against road crashes and fatalities. According to Mr Sibusiso Ndebele, MP Minister of ...

  • Shaken Baby Syndrome

    Tuesday, 21 July 2015 16:28
  • Amniotic fluid problems

    Thursday, 14 May 2015 12:54
  • Choosing a pre-school

    Friday, 10 April 2015 17:50
  • Newborn reflexes

    Tuesday, 03 March 2015 15:49
  • Mastitis

    Tuesday, 03 March 2015 15:41
  • Pelvic floor exercises

    Wednesday, 11 February 2015 17:20
  • Colic

    Wednesday, 11 February 2015 17:11
  • Antenatal Classes

    Monday, 03 June 2013 09:34
  • Strap-in-the-Future

    Thursday, 30 June 2011 13:52

When to call an Ambulance or rush off to ER

ambulanceAs parents, it is natural to want to protect our children from harm. In the case of a serious injury or the onset of illness, the first few moments are the most critical.

According to the American Academy of Pediatrics an emergency exists if you feel your child could die or suffer from permanent harm if medical professionals do not treat them immediately. The key to effectively coping with an emergency, is to be prepared and to remain calm, so that you know what to do, or not to do, and are able to make a decision to act.

The following medical emergencies require a trip to the ER:
  • Breathing difficulties, such as rapid or labored breathing
  • A cut or break in the skin that is bleeding profusely and won't stop
  • A fever with neck stiffness
  • A rapid heartbeat that won't slow down
  • Severe bleeding or trauma to the head
  • A fever with a rapidly spreading rash
  • Changes in behaviour after the suspected ingestion of a poisonous substance or another medication
  • In older children, changes in mental status, such as confusion, not making sense, being disoriented, unusual sleepiness, or difficult to arouse

Call an ambulance immediately if:
Your child is having trouble breathing and is turning blue
Your child has been involved in a car accident and is unconscious or seriously injured
Your child has lost consciousness and is not responsive
Your child might have a neck or spine injury
Your child has a head injury and has lost consciousness, is vomiting persistently, or is not responding normally
Your child has significant uncontrolled bleeding
Your child has a possible poisoning, is unresponsive or not responding normally, or is experiencing breathing difficulties. For expert advice call the Poisoning Information Centre on 021 689 5227.