Shaken Baby Syndrome

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Amniotic fluid problems

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Newborn reflexes

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Mastitis

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Pelvic floor exercises

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Colic

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Antenatal Classes

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Strap-in-the-Future

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  • Shaken Baby Syndrome

    Tuesday, 21 July 2015 16:28
  • Amniotic fluid problems

    Thursday, 14 May 2015 12:54
  • Choosing a pre-school

    Friday, 10 April 2015 17:50
  • Newborn reflexes

    Tuesday, 03 March 2015 15:49
  • Mastitis

    Tuesday, 03 March 2015 15:41
  • Pelvic floor exercises

    Wednesday, 11 February 2015 17:20
  • Colic

    Wednesday, 11 February 2015 17:11
  • Antenatal Classes

    Monday, 03 June 2013 09:34
  • Strap-in-the-Future

    Thursday, 30 June 2011 13:52

Bronchitis

Bronchitis is an inflammation of the airways or bronchial tubes leading to the lungs which causes the lining of these breathing tubes to swell and narrow and promotes the secretion of inflammatory fluid (MedicineNet, 1996-2010).

 

Causes

Bronchitis is often a complication of a viral infection, such as the common cold or influenza, but it is also sometimes the result of a bacterial infection. Chemical irritants (tobacco smoke) are key risk factors in developing bronchitis and allergies, such as asthma, may predispose your child to bronchial infections (MedicineNet, 1996-2010).

 

Symptoms

·                Nasal congestion and sore throat

·                A persistent cough that is often dry at first, but may later produce green or yellow phlegm, especially if a bacterial infection is present

·                Wheezing

·                Shortness of breath

·                Fever, chills, aches and a general sense of malaise

·                Soreness of the chest and abdominal muscles due to continuous, forceful coughing (Leary, 1990; MedicineNet, 1996-2010; eMedicineHealth, 2010).

 

Diagnosis

A diagnosis of bronchitis is made on the basis of symptomology and a physical examination. A chest X-ray may be considered if your doctor suspects that your child has pneumonia. A sputum culture may be taken to detect bacterial pathogens. By placing a sensor on your child’s finger, your doctor is able to measure his oxygen saturation or establish how well oxygen is reaching blood cells (eMedicineHealth, 2010).

 

Treatment

Decreasing inflammation is the main aim of treating acute bronchitis.

·                Your child may be prescribed a bronchiodilator drug, either in the form of a hand-held  inhaler or a nebuliser, to help dilate the bronchial tubes.

·                Short-term steroid therapy may be required to decrease inflammation of the airways.

·                Fever may be treated with appropriate doses of Ponstan or Panado.

·                Fluids not only prevent dehydration but keep secretions in the bronchial tubes liquid, making them easier to expel. Warm drinks in particular are soothing and help relieve the cough.

·                Occasionally antibiotics are prescribed if a bacterial infection is present or if your child suffers from a chronic lung problem, such as asthma.

·                Steam inhalation or use of a humidifier helps to decongest the airways (Collins, 2003; MedicineNet, 1996-2010).

 

Consult your doctor immediately if:

·         Symptoms worsen, do not improve, or new symptoms develop.

·         Severe coughing disturbs your child’s sleep.

·                Your child has a fever that lasts for more than 4-5 days. This is a possible indication that she has developed pneumonia and requires a medical examination.

·                Your child is coughing up blood or there is an increased amount of green phlegm.

·                Your child is experiencing difficulties breathing with or without wheezing.

·                Your child is extremely drowsy, refuses to drink or has a blue tongue or lips.

·                If your child is under 1 year and is coughing, wheezing or having breathing difficulties, call an ambulance. Infants are prone to a viral infection known as bronchiolitis, which is an inflammation of the smaller airways or bronchioles (Collins, 2003; eMedicineHealth, 2010).