Shaken Baby Syndrome

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Amniotic fluid problems

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Choosing a pre-school

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Newborn reflexes

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Pelvic floor exercises

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Antenatal Classes

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  • Shaken Baby Syndrome

    Tuesday, 21 July 2015 16:28
  • Amniotic fluid problems

    Thursday, 14 May 2015 12:54
  • Choosing a pre-school

    Friday, 10 April 2015 17:50
  • Newborn reflexes

    Tuesday, 03 March 2015 15:49
  • Mastitis

    Tuesday, 03 March 2015 15:41
  • Pelvic floor exercises

    Wednesday, 11 February 2015 17:20
  • Colic

    Wednesday, 11 February 2015 17:11
  • Antenatal Classes

    Monday, 03 June 2013 09:34
  • Strap-in-the-Future

    Thursday, 30 June 2011 13:52


Reflux occurs due to a weak or immature LES (lower oesophageal sphincter). Because acid moves up the oesophagus, most babies experience discomfort, pain or burning in their oesophagus (similar to heartburn in adults). This is often felt during or after feeds, when crying or straining to make a stool.

Reflux is best diagnosed by an experienced clinic nurse, paediatrician or ENT (ear, nose and throat specialist).


Common signs of reflux include:

·                Back and neck arching (baby pushes tummy out and head back to stretch the oesophagus and relieve the pain).

·                Spitting up or vomiting (although some babies do not spit up).

·                Irritability or crying, especially after feeds.

·                Fussy feeding (baby tends to suck hungrily at either the breast or the bottle at first, then pull off or shake his head from side to side, arch his back and neck and cry whilst feeding).

·                Restless or disruptive sleep, waking shortly after being put down to sleep as if in discomfort and often wakes upset or crying.

·                Choking, coughing or a constant stuffy nose.

·                Failure to gain adequate weight (due to having small feeds because of the pain and/or frequent vomiting).

·                Show huge weight gain (due to comfort feeding).


Reflux is known to peak at around 4 months of age in babies, so don’t be alarmed if spitting up increases at around this age. It generally starts subsiding around 7 months.

(The above information was taken from The Ultimate Survival Guide: Reflux, written by a South African mom, Angela Nieuwouldt. To find stockists of this wonderful book go to It gives a thorough breakdown on possible treatments which have not been included here.)