Shaken Baby Syndrome

A large number of child deaths are reported in South Africa each year. A lot of deaths relate to neglect, abuse or murder. Despite this, there's a knowledge gap in relation to understanding the issue....

Amniotic fluid problems

The importance of amniotic fluid Amniotic fluid is essential for pregnancy and foetal development. Amniotic fluid is a watery substances residing inside a casing called the amniotic membrane or sac. ...

Choosing a pre-school

Becoming a parent is a momentous; life-changing event filled with hopes, expectations and naturally some fears. Parents often learn and grow alongside their children, as they face the challenges of pa...

Newborn reflexes

Although newborn babies are physically helpless and vulnerable at birth, they have a number of amazing innate abilities or reflexes. Reflexes are involuntary movements or actions, designed to protect ...


Mastitis is an inflammation of the breast that can lead to infection. The word “mastitis” is derived from the Greek word “mastos” meaning “breasts”, while the suffix “-itis” denotes “inflammation”. Ma...

Pelvic floor exercises

Although your new baby will probably bring you immense emotional satisfaction, physically you may feel uncomfortable and strange in your own skin. After 9 months of pregnancy and hormonal changes, you...


Babies cry because they need to communicate something and most parents, especially new moms, find it distressing to see or hear an unhappy baby. In time, you will learn to recognize the various causes...

Antenatal Classes

Antenatal classes are informative sessions provided to prepare expecting parents for the birth of their child and the early days of being a parent.Most antenatal classes are run by Midwives and occasi...


The Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020 was launched on the 11 May 2011. It is a global declaration of war against road crashes and fatalities. According to Mr Sibusiso Ndebele, MP Minister of ...

  • Shaken Baby Syndrome

    Tuesday, 21 July 2015 16:28
  • Amniotic fluid problems

    Thursday, 14 May 2015 12:54
  • Choosing a pre-school

    Friday, 10 April 2015 17:50
  • Newborn reflexes

    Tuesday, 03 March 2015 15:49
  • Mastitis

    Tuesday, 03 March 2015 15:41
  • Pelvic floor exercises

    Wednesday, 11 February 2015 17:20
  • Colic

    Wednesday, 11 February 2015 17:11
  • Antenatal Classes

    Monday, 03 June 2013 09:34
  • Strap-in-the-Future

    Thursday, 30 June 2011 13:52


Ringworm is a fungal infection that affects the scalp, the skin of the body (particularly the groin area), the face, the feet (athlete’s foot), or the nails. The fungus that causes ringworm of the body resides in humans, animals, and in the soil; while the fungi that cause ringworm of the foot and nails live only in humans. Despite its name, this infection has nothing to do with worms. Its name is derived from the characteristic red ring that may appear on an infected person’s skin. Ringworm is also known as tinea corporis (Collins, 2003; Directors of Health Promotion & Education).


How do people get ringworm?

·         From direct skin-skin contact with an infected person or pet.

·         Indirectly, through contact with objects or surfaces that an infected person or pet has           touched, such as hats, combs, clothing, linen, stuffed toys, or carpets.

·         Rarely, by contact with soil (Directors of Health Promotion & Education).



Ringworm of the skin generally appears 4-10 days after contact, while the symptoms of scalp ringworm usually become evident after 10-14 days.


On the body or face

·         A rash develops, initially the size of a 5 cent piece.

·                As the rash grows, it takes on a reddened, raised appearance, with scaly patches, a mildly inflamed border and a pale centre.

·         Itchiness (Collins, 2003;, 1999-2009; Leary, 1990).


On the scalp

·         Ringworm on the scalp is called tinae capitis.

·         It may cause the hair to break off, resulting in bald spots.

·         It produces flakes which resemble severe dandruff.

·         Sometimes a kerion or an inflamed pus-filled area may develop.

·         Usually, itchiness (Collins, 2003; keepkidshealthy, 1999-2009).


Of the foot – athlete’s foot

·                Scaling or cracking of the skin, especially between the toes (Directors of Health Promotion & Education).


Of the nails

·                A fungal infection of the nails causes them to thicken, become discoloured and brittle.

·                The nails may become chalky and disintegrate (Directors of Health Promotion & Education).



·                For infections on the face or body, your doctor may recommend an anti-fungal lotion or cream to be applied directly to the infected area.

·                If the infection is widespread, or also includes your child’s scalp, an oral medication may be required.

·                Infections on the scalp are much more difficult to treat; a course of medication may be prescribed for up to 6-8 weeks.

·                Your doctor may also suggest the use of an anti-fungal shampoo to help heal the infection more quickly.

·                Sometimes close relatives are given selenium sulphide twice weekly to prevent them from becoming asymptomatic carriers of tinea capitis (people who are infected, do not have symptoms, but are contagious to others).

·                It is usually unnecessary to keep your child out of school or day-care when she has a ringworm infection (Collins, 2003;, 1999-2009; Directors of Health Promotion & Education).



·                Complete treatment, as per your doctor’s instructions, even if symptoms have disappeared.

·                Discourage the sharing of personal items, such as combs, hats or towels.

·                Keep your child away from infected people or animals.

·                Ensure that the infected person or animal who is the source of the infection gets treatment (Collins, 2003; Directors of Health Promotion & Education).