Shaken Baby Syndrome

A large number of child deaths are reported in South Africa each year. A lot of deaths relate to neglect, abuse or murder. Despite this, there's a knowledge gap in relation to understanding the issue....

Amniotic fluid problems

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Choosing a pre-school

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Newborn reflexes

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Mastitis

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Pelvic floor exercises

Although your new baby will probably bring you immense emotional satisfaction, physically you may feel uncomfortable and strange in your own skin. After 9 months of pregnancy and hormonal changes, you...

Colic

Babies cry because they need to communicate something and most parents, especially new moms, find it distressing to see or hear an unhappy baby. In time, you will learn to recognize the various causes...

Antenatal Classes

Antenatal classes are informative sessions provided to prepare expecting parents for the birth of their child and the early days of being a parent.Most antenatal classes are run by Midwives and occasi...

Strap-in-the-Future

The Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020 was launched on the 11 May 2011. It is a global declaration of war against road crashes and fatalities. According to Mr Sibusiso Ndebele, MP Minister of ...

  • Shaken Baby Syndrome

    Tuesday, 21 July 2015 16:28
  • Amniotic fluid problems

    Thursday, 14 May 2015 12:54
  • Choosing a pre-school

    Friday, 10 April 2015 17:50
  • Newborn reflexes

    Tuesday, 03 March 2015 15:49
  • Mastitis

    Tuesday, 03 March 2015 15:41
  • Pelvic floor exercises

    Wednesday, 11 February 2015 17:20
  • Colic

    Wednesday, 11 February 2015 17:11
  • Antenatal Classes

    Monday, 03 June 2013 09:34
  • Strap-in-the-Future

    Thursday, 30 June 2011 13:52

Sinusitis

Sinuses, part of the respiratory passages, are moist air spaces or cavities in the bones of the face, adjacent to the nose and eyes. When the sinuses swell, become irritated and filled with fluid, the infection is known as sinusitis. By the age of 6, your child’s sinuses are fully developed to the point that colds or bouts of allergies may settle in the sinuses. In older children, sinusitis is one of the more common reasons why your child is not ‘completely well’. Generally, sinus infections can be easily treated (Leary, 1990; The Nemours Foundation, 1995-2010).

 

Causes

When your child has a cold or allergy, the nasal passages become swollen and produce more mucus, and so do the sinus tissues. As a result, the sinus drainage system becomes blocked allowing bacteria, viruses and fungi to develop and resulting in sinusitis (Leary, 1990; The Nemours, 1995-2010).

 

Symptoms

Sinus symptoms may vary, depending on the age of your child:

·                Younger children generally present with cold symptoms, such as a stuffy or runny nose and a slight fever.

·                Older children commonly experience postnasal drip, night cough, headache, tenderness in the face, circles under the eyes, general tiredness and fever. Some children with sinus infections also experience nausea, upset stomachs and pain behind the eyes (Leary, 1990-2010).

 

Prevention

·                Use a humidifier in winter, when the air is drier and more likely to irritate the sinuses.

·                Although sinusitis is not contagious, the colds that precede it are. Encourage your child to wash her hands regularly to minimise the risk of spreading infection (The Nemours Foundation, 1995-2010).

 

Treatment

·         If the infection is bacterial, antibiotics are recommended.

·         Your doctor may also prescribe decongestants and antihistamines to relieve symptoms.

·         Sinusitis can be treated with paracetamol or ponstan to reduce pain and fever.

·         The use of warm compresses is also soothing (The Nemours Foundation, 199-2010).

 

Suspect sinusitis and call your doctor if:

·         Your child has a cold that lasts for more than 10 days without improvement.

·         Cold symptoms worsen after 7 days.

·                Allergies do not respond to the usual allergy medications (The Nemours Foundation, 1995-2010).