Shaken Baby Syndrome

A large number of child deaths are reported in South Africa each year. A lot of deaths relate to neglect, abuse or murder. Despite this, there's a knowledge gap in relation to understanding the issue....

Amniotic fluid problems

The importance of amniotic fluid Amniotic fluid is essential for pregnancy and foetal development. Amniotic fluid is a watery substances residing inside a casing called the amniotic membrane or sac. ...

Choosing a pre-school

Becoming a parent is a momentous; life-changing event filled with hopes, expectations and naturally some fears. Parents often learn and grow alongside their children, as they face the challenges of pa...

Newborn reflexes

Although newborn babies are physically helpless and vulnerable at birth, they have a number of amazing innate abilities or reflexes. Reflexes are involuntary movements or actions, designed to protect ...


Mastitis is an inflammation of the breast that can lead to infection. The word “mastitis” is derived from the Greek word “mastos” meaning “breasts”, while the suffix “-itis” denotes “inflammation”. Ma...

Pelvic floor exercises

Although your new baby will probably bring you immense emotional satisfaction, physically you may feel uncomfortable and strange in your own skin. After 9 months of pregnancy and hormonal changes, you...


Babies cry because they need to communicate something and most parents, especially new moms, find it distressing to see or hear an unhappy baby. In time, you will learn to recognize the various causes...

Antenatal Classes

Antenatal classes are informative sessions provided to prepare expecting parents for the birth of their child and the early days of being a parent.Most antenatal classes are run by Midwives and occasi...


The Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020 was launched on the 11 May 2011. It is a global declaration of war against road crashes and fatalities. According to Mr Sibusiso Ndebele, MP Minister of ...

  • Shaken Baby Syndrome

    Tuesday, 21 July 2015 16:28
  • Amniotic fluid problems

    Thursday, 14 May 2015 12:54
  • Choosing a pre-school

    Friday, 10 April 2015 17:50
  • Newborn reflexes

    Tuesday, 03 March 2015 15:49
  • Mastitis

    Tuesday, 03 March 2015 15:41
  • Pelvic floor exercises

    Wednesday, 11 February 2015 17:20
  • Colic

    Wednesday, 11 February 2015 17:11
  • Antenatal Classes

    Monday, 03 June 2013 09:34
  • Strap-in-the-Future

    Thursday, 30 June 2011 13:52

Stools (normal variations)

During the first 24-48 hours your baby will pass meconium, a sticky, tar-like, greeny-black mixture, consisting of amniotic fluid debris, mucus and bile. As your baby starts to feed, his stools will change. Over the next few days, these transitional stools will assume a greenish-brown colour and by 1-2 weeks of age, your baby’s stools will have a regular colour and consistency. Breast-fed babies tend to have loose, mustardy-coloured stools, that do not really smell and are passed regularly. Bottle-fed babies have darker, firmer stools that are passed less frequently and may have an unpleasant odour. Iron-fortified formulas generally result in a greenish, darker stool. It is not abnormal for your infant to produce green stools occasionally. This occurs when bile is not absorbed due to the fast passage of food (Collins, 2003; Leary, 1990).


Regular bowel movements are important to your child’s health. However, it is essential to bear in mind that bowel habits, or the frequency and consistency of stools, varies widely among babies and children. You will become familiar with your child’s stool patterns and the circumstances that might produce changes. If your baby appears to be well, is gaining weight normally and does not appear to be in any pain or discomfort, her stool pattern is unlikely to be a cause for concern (Canadian Paediatric Society, 2007; Collins, 2003; Leary, 1990).