Shaken Baby Syndrome

A large number of child deaths are reported in South Africa each year. A lot of deaths relate to neglect, abuse or murder. Despite this, there's a knowledge gap in relation to understanding the issue....

Amniotic fluid problems

The importance of amniotic fluid Amniotic fluid is essential for pregnancy and foetal development. Amniotic fluid is a watery substances residing inside a casing called the amniotic membrane or sac. ...

Choosing a pre-school

Becoming a parent is a momentous; life-changing event filled with hopes, expectations and naturally some fears. Parents often learn and grow alongside their children, as they face the challenges of pa...

Newborn reflexes

Although newborn babies are physically helpless and vulnerable at birth, they have a number of amazing innate abilities or reflexes. Reflexes are involuntary movements or actions, designed to protect ...

Mastitis

Mastitis is an inflammation of the breast that can lead to infection. The word “mastitis” is derived from the Greek word “mastos” meaning “breasts”, while the suffix “-itis” denotes “inflammation”. Ma...

Pelvic floor exercises

Although your new baby will probably bring you immense emotional satisfaction, physically you may feel uncomfortable and strange in your own skin. After 9 months of pregnancy and hormonal changes, you...

Colic

Babies cry because they need to communicate something and most parents, especially new moms, find it distressing to see or hear an unhappy baby. In time, you will learn to recognize the various causes...

Antenatal Classes

Antenatal classes are informative sessions provided to prepare expecting parents for the birth of their child and the early days of being a parent.Most antenatal classes are run by Midwives and occasi...

Strap-in-the-Future

The Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020 was launched on the 11 May 2011. It is a global declaration of war against road crashes and fatalities. According to Mr Sibusiso Ndebele, MP Minister of ...

  • Shaken Baby Syndrome

    Tuesday, 21 July 2015 16:28
  • Amniotic fluid problems

    Thursday, 14 May 2015 12:54
  • Choosing a pre-school

    Friday, 10 April 2015 17:50
  • Newborn reflexes

    Tuesday, 03 March 2015 15:49
  • Mastitis

    Tuesday, 03 March 2015 15:41
  • Pelvic floor exercises

    Wednesday, 11 February 2015 17:20
  • Colic

    Wednesday, 11 February 2015 17:11
  • Antenatal Classes

    Monday, 03 June 2013 09:34
  • Strap-in-the-Future

    Thursday, 30 June 2011 13:52

Swollen Glands

It is common for your child to have swollen glands or lymph nodes (lymphadenopathy) in response to a specific infection, resulting in lumps or bumps most around his neck, in his groin, under his armpits or in other areas of his body. Lymph nodes contain cells that produce antibodies to help fight viruses, bacteria and other infections that attack our bodies. When an infection is present, lymph nodes near the site of the infection may become swollen, tender and warm to the touch. The skin over the lymph nodes may turn red (buzzle.com, 2010; keepkidshealthy, 1999-2009).

 

Causes

Almost all cases of swollen lymph nodes in children are not serious, the most common and frequent cause being the common cold. Symptoms of swollen lymph nodes tend to last for 2-4 weeks before they disappear. The location of the lymph nodes helps to identify the underlying causal conditions. There are several possible causes, including:

·         Viral diseases such as mumps, measles or chicken pox.

·         Strep throat.

·         Allergic reactions

·         Tooth infections.

·         Ear infections.

·         Side-effects of certain medications or vaccinations.

·                Injuries, wounds or skin infections of the hand or arm may cause the glands under the arm to swell.

·                Similarly, injuries on the foot, leg, groin or genitals may result in swollen lymph nodes in the groin.

·                Some of the more serious causes include immune system diseases like arthritis, or cancer.

·                Sometimes the lymph nodes themselves become infected (lymphadenitis), becoming enlarged, red and tender (buzzle.com, 2010; keepkidshealthy, 1999-2009).

 

Treatment

Your doctor will diagnose the cause of your child’s swollen lymph nodes by means of a physical examination. Medication may be given for pain and fever and bacterial infections will be treated with antibiotics. A warm wet towel may be placed on the swollen node to help relieve pain. Your child may lose his appetite, so encourage him to eat healthy food and ensure that he drinks sufficient liquid to prevent dehydration and to flush toxins out of the body (buuzle.com, 2010).

 

Contact your doctor immediately if:

·         Your child has swollen glands all over his body.

·                His swollen nodes are accompanied by night fevers or he is losing a significant amount of weight.

·                The lymph nodes are continuing to increase in size.

·                Your child is having difficulty breathing, swallowing or moving his neck (keepkidshealthy, 1999-2009).