Shaken Baby Syndrome

A large number of child deaths are reported in South Africa each year. A lot of deaths relate to neglect, abuse or murder. Despite this, there's a knowledge gap in relation to understanding the issue....

Amniotic fluid problems

The importance of amniotic fluid Amniotic fluid is essential for pregnancy and foetal development. Amniotic fluid is a watery substances residing inside a casing called the amniotic membrane or sac. ...

Choosing a pre-school

Becoming a parent is a momentous; life-changing event filled with hopes, expectations and naturally some fears. Parents often learn and grow alongside their children, as they face the challenges of pa...

Newborn reflexes

Although newborn babies are physically helpless and vulnerable at birth, they have a number of amazing innate abilities or reflexes. Reflexes are involuntary movements or actions, designed to protect ...

Mastitis

Mastitis is an inflammation of the breast that can lead to infection. The word “mastitis” is derived from the Greek word “mastos” meaning “breasts”, while the suffix “-itis” denotes “inflammation”. Ma...

Pelvic floor exercises

Although your new baby will probably bring you immense emotional satisfaction, physically you may feel uncomfortable and strange in your own skin. After 9 months of pregnancy and hormonal changes, you...

Colic

Babies cry because they need to communicate something and most parents, especially new moms, find it distressing to see or hear an unhappy baby. In time, you will learn to recognize the various causes...

Antenatal Classes

Antenatal classes are informative sessions provided to prepare expecting parents for the birth of their child and the early days of being a parent.Most antenatal classes are run by Midwives and occasi...

Strap-in-the-Future

The Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020 was launched on the 11 May 2011. It is a global declaration of war against road crashes and fatalities. According to Mr Sibusiso Ndebele, MP Minister of ...

  • Shaken Baby Syndrome

    Tuesday, 21 July 2015 16:28
  • Amniotic fluid problems

    Thursday, 14 May 2015 12:54
  • Choosing a pre-school

    Friday, 10 April 2015 17:50
  • Newborn reflexes

    Tuesday, 03 March 2015 15:49
  • Mastitis

    Tuesday, 03 March 2015 15:41
  • Pelvic floor exercises

    Wednesday, 11 February 2015 17:20
  • Colic

    Wednesday, 11 February 2015 17:11
  • Antenatal Classes

    Monday, 03 June 2013 09:34
  • Strap-in-the-Future

    Thursday, 30 June 2011 13:52

Basic Care

This is a time of tremendous emotional, intellectual and social changes, with one of the biggest challenges coming from the constant see-sawing between your child wanting to be independent and his continuing reliance on you, his parent. As a parent, you may find yourself see-sawing between wanting the cuddly baby and encouraging the toddler to be a ‘big kid’. These few years can be a real test of everyone’s patience. Understanding these changes will make the see-sawing less extreme. By responding to your child with encouragement, respect, warmth and security, he will learn to feel more comfortable, capable and proud of himself as a person.

Nutrition

At the age of 2, don’t be surprised if your child is eating less than you think he should. Children need fewer calories at this time because they’re growing more slowly. But even though he’s eating less, he still can remain well nourished as long as you make a variety of healthy foods available to him. Encourage healthy eating habits by having 3 balanced meals a day with 1 or 2 healthy snacks in between.

 

He is also able to eat the same food as the rest of the family. Meal times also become more sociable as he is able to use his improving language and social skills. He has also become more dextrous at feeding himself by using a spoon or eating finger foods and drinking from a cup. Keep an eye on some foods that might still pose a choking hazard. He might sit at the table to eat, but he will do it in a hurry so that he can get on with playing. This results in his gulping his food and not chewing properly, so continue to supervise his meal times. (See sample toddler menu)

 

Teething

By 2½ years, all the primary teeth will have erupted, including the second molars. Now there is a break before the tooth fairy starts to arrive at approximately 6 years of age. Good dental hygiene habits should be formed now. Let your child use a soft small brush with a little, pea-sized squeeze of mild toothpaste and clean each tooth thoroughly. It doesn’t matter if it’s a circular motion or up and down or sideways, it’s more important that the top and sides are cleaned properly. Your child may need help getting to those back teeth.

 

Take your child for his first dental check when he has all his primary teeth, to check that they have all come in properly with no dental problems.

 

Elimination

By now you will know more or less when your child has a bowel movement. This is usually once, maybe twice a day. Consistency and colour will vary a little according to what he has eaten, but generally they are soft and formed with little strain when being passed. Should there be difficulty or extreme irregularity in his movements seek medical advice. It may be a simple solution of drinking more water or increasing the fibre in his diet. There could also be a food sensitivity, which would need to be managed.

 

This is also the time for toilet training and if your child is indicating that he is ready to take this step and you maintain a relaxed, unpressured attitude, it will be a simple process. Praise him for his success and ignore the accidents. (Read more: Potty/Toilet training)

 

Sleep

Your toddler should be sleeping 12 to 13 hours a night. There should be a good bedtime routine at this stage, but he may still be waking at night needing comfort and security from you after a bad dream. It is important to stick with the same routine as some toddlers can become quite set in their ways and a change is routine can be very upsetting.

 

Some toddlers still have a nap in the early afternoon, whilst others don’t seem to need it. If your child is irritable and overtired from lack of sleep, a nap could be very beneficial for him.